一、单选题 (共 30 道试题,共 30 分)
1.The government is trying to do something to ____ better understanding between the two nations
2.The soldier was _____ of running away when the enemy attacked
3.People appreciate ____ with him because he has a good sense of humor
B.to have worked
4.When a spacecraft travels, one of the major problems is reentry into the Earth’s _______
5.We are _______ at the rapid progress Mark has made in this semester
6.He tried to _______relations with his former wife but he failed
7.It can be said without any ____ that this factory can products 100,000 bikes every month
8.An employee told the government official that “US” is short ____ “Uncle Sam”
9.The committee did not ____ of the plan to build a new bridge over the river, for it will cost too much
10.A few villagers were ____ of “Lord Williams” but most saw nothing that aroused doubts until later
11.Women do not usually eat the recommended daily ____ of iron
12.He wasn’t ___ to sit and watch, but he could not stand unaided on the soft sand because of his lameness
13.We ____ Edison’s success to his intelligence and hard work
14.The police accused him of setting fire to the building but he denied ____ in the area on the might of the fire
B.to have been
15.She accused the man _____ breaking into her house
16.Many people like white color as it is a ____ of purity
17.Everyone should be ____ to a decent standard of living and an opportunity to be educated
18.You have nothing to ____ by refusing to listen to our advice
19.On weekend my grandpa usually ____ a glass of wine
20.Though ____ in a big city, Peter always prefers to paint the primitive scenes of country life
21.The manager urged his staff not to ____ the splendid opportunity
22.Mr Smith was the only witness who said that the fire was ____
23.This is the nurse who ____ to me when I was ill in hospital
24.Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only ____ to his confusion
25.This morning in the class, our teacher lost his _______ at last because he could not stand any more
26.He keeps on with physical training in winter ___________cold it is
B.no matter how
C.whether or not
27.The woman was worried about the side effects of taking aspirins, but her doctor____ her that it is absolutely harmless
28.We should make a clear ____ between the two scientific terms for the purpose of our discussion
29.Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power of the medium is ____
30.His wife is constantly finding ____ with him, which makes him very angry
二、阅读理解 (共 5 道试题,共 50 分)
35.At Harton College---an English boarding school for boys---there are many rules. Fifteen-year-old Bob Sanders often breaks these rules. The boys can go into town in the afternoon after classes. But they must return to the school at six o’clock. One afternoon Bob walked to the town. He looked at the shops and then went to the cinema. After the film he looked at his watch. It was after eight o’clock. He was a little worried. He walked back to Harton College as fast as possible. When he arrived, he ran quickly to the main entrance. It was locked. He looked up at the window of his dormitory. It was on the third floor. The window was open. But it was quite dark and he went round the school building to another door. That one was locked too. He couldn’t climb up the wall very easily. Then he saw another open window on the ground floor. It was the window of the headmaster’s study. He looked into the room-----no one was there. Bob quickly climbed on to the window sill (窗台) and jumped into the room. Just then he heard a noise. Then some one turned on a light in the corridor. Bob looked around and then hid under the sofa. One minute later, Mr. Mannering, the headmaster, came in. He turned on the light on his desk, and sat down on the sofa. Then he opened a book and began to read. Bob lay under the sofa as quietly as possible. He could not move. The floor was cold and uncomfortable. He looked at the headmaster’s shoes and socks for an hour. “Why doesn’t he get up and go to bed?” he thought. Finally, the headmaster closed his book and stood up. He put the book on a shelf and walked towards the door. “Thank heavens, he didn’t find me under the sofa!” thought Bob. Then Mr. Mannering stopped and spoke towards the sofa. “Would you turn off the light when you leave?” he said and left the study.
(1).According to the passage, it is required that students of Harton College _________ .
A.come back to the college at six o’clock if they go to town after classes
B.may stay out until midnight if they like
C.should leave school when class is over
D.may do whatever they like
(2).When Bob realized it was too late to return to Harton College as required, it was already ___________ .
C.later than 8:00
(3).Bob stole into the courtyard of his college by means of ________ .
A.the main entrance
B.going around the school building to another door
C.jumping over the wall
D.climbing into the window of his headmaster’s study
(4).Bob hid himself under the sofa probably because he was afraid of ______________ .
A.being punished for his theft
B.being found to have returned late
C.being dismissed for his wrongdoing
D.being capture alive on the spot
(5).In the light of what his headmaster said towards the sofa, it can be safely concluded that the headmaster had already ________________ .
C.found Bob hiding under the sofa
40.“Most experiences of absent - mindedness-forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered a room-are caused by a simple lack of attention, ” says Schacter. “You’re supposed to remember something, but you haven’t encoded（编码） it deeply.” Encoding, Schacter explains, is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major impression on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create troublesome situations. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re involved in a conversation, you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your cupboarD.“ Your memory itself isn’t failing you, ” says Schacter, “Rather, you didn’t give your memory system the information it needeD.” Lack of interest can also lead to absent -mindedness. “A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago, ” says Zelinski, “ may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.”Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relies on just that. “Visual cues（ 视觉提示 ）can help prevent absent- mindedness, ”says Schacter, “But be sure the cue is clear and available. ”If you want to remember to take a medicine with lunch, put the pill bottle on the kitchen table-don’t leave it in the medicine box and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket. Another common experience of absent - mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you’re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time, ”says Zelinski. “The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely remember.”
(1).The writer of the passage thinks that encoding properly is very important because ________.
A.it enables us to recall something from our memory
B.it slows down the process of losing our memory
C.it helps us understand our memory system better
D.it helps us to get back to where we were
(2).One possible reason why women have a little better memories than men is that________.
A.they rely more on the environment
B.they have a wider range of interests
C.they have an unusual power of focusing their attention
D.they are more interested in what’s happening around them
(3).Why can a note in the pocket hardly serve as a reminder? ________.
A.It will easily get lost
B.It is out of your sight
C.It’s not clear enough for you to read
D.It might get mixed up with other things
(4).From the last paragraph we can learn that________.
A.repetition might help improve our memory
B.memory depends to a certain extent on the environment
C.we’d better return to where we were if we forget things
D.we should think about something else while doing one thing
(5).The passage is mainly about ________.
A.the memory system of persons
B.a way of encoding and recalling
C.the causes of absent - mindedness
D.the impression of the environment on memory
45.It has been said that no town grows up until it is home to a college or university. Knowing this, as early as 1944, far-sighted community leaders began to plan for and raise money for the creation of a junior college in Columbus. In February of 1958 the Georgia Legislature passed the Junior College Bill(法案), which stipulated that all colleges qualifying for state funding must be in operation by September of 1958. It was a challenge to meet the deadline, but on September 22, 1958, Columbus came of age: Columbus College began classes in the old Shanon Hosiery Mill, with 13 faculty members, five academic programs and 227 students. The phenomenal growth of the college began. In 1960, the first class of graduates received their associate degrees. In 1963, the college relocated to its present site. In 1965, the college was authorized to move up to the four-year status, and 1966 saw the first enrollment in a bachelor’s degree program. In 1973, the first graduate students began classes leading to the Master of Education degree and finally, two years ago, Columbus College became Columbus State University. Some of the benefits from the university to our town are obvious-the spreading of knowledge and culture, skills and technology through college and advanced courses that students are able to take locally. A major benefit from the university to our town is not so obvious, perhaps. Hundreds of highly educated and talented faculty and staff have become citizens of our area, contributing their skills, expertise and viewpoints to the common good of the community and generally promoted the progress of the area in a number of diverse ways. Looking back over 40 years of growth, and forward into the next century, the dream of those leaders who had the foresight to bring the college to Columbus has been fulfilled beyond their dreams.
(1).The idea that prompted the community leaders in Columbus to plan for the creation of a college is that __________.
A.towns can grow very large if they have a college
B.the town must have a college for their own benefit
C.a town cannot be fully developed without a college
D.foresight is essential when they plan for the college
(2).Columbus College began classes in September, 1958 so that it obtained financial support from __________.
A.citizens of the Columbus area
B.the state government
(3).How-many years did it take the students at Columbus College to receive an associate degree?
(4).The meaning of the word “phenomenal” (Para. 2) can be expressed by ________.
(5).The writer’s purpose in writing this article is most likely to
A.recount the university’s history
B.celebrate the university’ s 40th anniversary.
C.ask more students to attend the university
D.show the importance of the university to the town’s residents
50.Animals other than humans have not developed communications comparable to human languagA. But is it possible that other animals have the capacity to learn a language if they are adequately taught? Obviously, this is a fascination notion. The idea of communicating directly with another species has long been a part of human folklore and children’s fantasies. But on a scientific level, the question of whether animals can learn a language is important primarily because it relates to the controversy()between the cognitive and the learning approaches to languagA. If language is dependent on and is actually an outgrowth of the intellectual structure of the human mind, there is the strong supposition that only humans are capable of using languagA. Therefore, Noam Chomsky and other psycholinguists have argued that only humans can learn a language, while most behaviorists feel that with sufficient patience it should be possible to teach an animal some sort of languagA. Although the two schools of thought clearly differ on this point, it is not really a crucial test of the two theories. If a chimpanzee can master a simple language all it would mean is that the chimp’s intellectual capacity and brain structure are more similar to ours than we thought. It would not necessarily imply that our intellectual structure is unimportant in our own mastery of languagA. Thus, teaching an animal language is an impressive demonstration of the power of learning techniques, but it is not evidence that language is developed entirely through learning. On the other hand, the question of whether other animals can learn a language is fascination in its own right, aside from its value as a test of the two theories of language development. Accordingly, whatever one’s position on the theoretical dispute, we must consider training an animal to use language a dramatic accomplishment.
(1).Which of the following statements is the view of psycholinguists?
A.The cognitive view of language learning says that only human beings can learn language because it is an outgrowth of the structure of the human minD.
B.Other animals simply could master a languagA.
C.The animals intellectual capacity is much better than human beings.
D.Language is developed by learning.
(2).The behaviorists’ view is that __________.
A.language is actually an outgrowth of intellectual structure of the animal’s mind
B.animals have not developed communications system
C.given enough patience, a man should be able to teach an animal some sort of language
D.only human beings can learn language
(3).That an animal can master a simple language means that __________.
A.human’s intellectual structure is not important
B.animals’ intellectual capacity and brain structure are more similar to the humans’
C.the learning techniques are much more important
D.language is developed completely by learning
(4).The main idea of paragraph two is ___________.
A.teaching a chimp language is not crucial test of the two theories
B.their brain structure is not similar to human
C.using various methods to let the chimp master a language
D.training a nonhuman to use language is an amazing accomplishment
(5).The best title for this passage would be _________.
C.Teaching Animals’ Language
D.Can Other Animals Acquire Language?
55.40 years ago the idea of disabled people doing sport was never heard of. But when the annual games for the disabled were started as Stoke Mandeville, England in 1948 by Sir Ludwig Guttmann, the situation began to change. Sir Ludwig Guttmann, who had been driven to England in 1939 from Nazi German, had been asked by the British government to set up an injuries centre at Stoke Mandeville Hospital near London. His ideas about treating injuries included sport for the disabled. In the first games just two teams of injured soldiers took part. The next year, 1949, five teams took part. From those beginnings, thing have developed fast. Teams now come from abroad to Stoke Mandeville every year. In 1960 the first Olympics for the disabled were held in Rome. In the same place was the normal Olympic Games. Now, every four years the Olympic Games for the Disabled are held, if possible, in the same place as the normal Olympic Games, although they are organized separately. In other years Games for the Disabled are still held at Stoke Mandeville. In the 1984 wheelchair Olympic Games, 1064 wheelchair athletes from about 40 countries took part. Unfortunately, they were held at Stoke Mandeville and not in Los Angeles, along with the other Olympics. The Games have been a great success in promoting international friendship and understanding, and in proving that being disabled does not mean you can’t enjoy sport. One small source of disappointment for those who organize, and take part in the games, however, has been the unwillingness of the International Olympic Committee to include disabled events at the Olympic Games for the able-bodied. Perhaps a few more year are still needed to convince those fortune enough not to be disabled that their disabled fellow athletes should not be excluded.
(1).The first games for the disabled were held _____ after Sir Ludwig Guttmann arrived in England.
(2).Besides Stoke Mandeville, surely the games for the disabled were once held in _____.
(3).In Paragraph 3, the word athletes’ means____
A.People who support the games
B.People who watch the games
C.People who organize the games
D.People who compete in the games
(4).Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.Sir Ludwig Guttmann is an early organizer of the games for the disable
B.Sir Ludwig Guttmann is an injured soldier.
C.Sir Ludwig Guttmann is from Germany.’
D.Sir Ludwig Guttmann is welcomed by the British government.
(5).From the passage, we may conclude that the writer is _____.
A.One of the organizers of the games for the disable
B.A disabled person who once took part in the games.
C.Against holding the games for the disable
D.In favor of holding the games for the disable
三、完型填空 (共 1 道试题,共 20 分)
75.Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper, you should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. There was a time then parents who wanted an educational present for their children would buy a typewriter, a globe or a set of encyclopedia(百科全书). Now those _##__ seem hopelessly old-fashioned: this Christmas, _##__ a lot of personal computers under the tree. _##__ that computers are their key to success, parents are also frantically insisting that children _##__ taught to use them in school--- as early as possible. The problem for schools is that when it _##__ computers, parents do not always know best. Many schools are __##_ parental impatience and are purchasing hardware _##__ sound educational planning so they can say, :Ok, we’ve moved into the computer age.” Teachers _##__ themselves caught in the middle of the problem-between parent pressure and _##__ educational decisions. Educators do not even agree _##__ how computers should be used. A lot of money is going for computerized educational materials _##__ research has shown can be taught _##__ with pencil and paper. Even those who believe that all children should _##__ to computer warn of potential __##_ to the very young. The temptation remains strong largely because young children _##__ so well to computers. First graders have been __##_ willing to work for two hours on math skills. Some have an attention span of 20 minutes. _##__ school can afford to go into computing, and that creates _##__ another problem: division between the haves and have-nots. Very few parents _##__ for computer instruction in poor school districts, _##__ there may be barely enough money to pay the reading teacher.
B.in the same way
C.just as well
D.not as well
B.in any case