一、单选题 (共 30 道试题,共 30 分)
1.The little man was _______ one metre fifty high.
A.nearly more than
B.hardly more than
C.as much as
D.almost more than
2.As ______ announced in today's papers. The Shanghai Export Commodities Fair is also open on Sundays.
3.I'd rather read than watch television ; the programs seem ________ all the time.
A.to have got worse
B.to get worse
C.to be getting worse
4.I ___________ what this has to do with the argument.
5.__________ wasn’t believed until the fifteenth century that the earth revolves around the sun.
6.A photo should be _________ to the application form.
7.As you are sixty-three years old, you are _______ for this job.
8.______ terrible weather we had last week!
9.Mr. and Mrs. Allen both have good jobs, so they must be ______.
10.You do not have to go to the lecture, because the attendance is ________.
11.The men had to _______ all their strength to lift the tree from the ground.
12.We finally abandoned our efforts to save the old building when it became clear that the owner really wanted to ________.
A.tear it down
B.put it down
C.pull it off
D.knock it over
13._________ of this country' s abundance in natural resources.
D.Little we know
E.Little we ha
F.Little we di
14.Being a pupil with a low IQ, Henry could _________ little of what the teacher was saying in class.
15.The _________ is working on the house today,
16.No tricks are allowed ____ the performers are skilled enough to perform safely.
17.Don’t be too rude to old Jack. Never in his life _______ in that way.
A.he has spoken to
B.he has been spoken to
C.has he spoken to
D.has he been spoken to
18.It will take us another five years _______ the construction of all the 121 roads is completed.
19.Students, who are better at class, always _______ more attention on what the teachers teach them than those who are not good at it.
20.The _________ of geese was flying through the sky in perfect formation following its leader.
21.“I can't your rudeness any more，leave the room，”shouted Mary．
A.put up with
B.put up to
C.put up into
D.put up from
22.The ________of the clock showed that it was time for dinner.
A.that it was time for dinner.
B.The ________of the clock showe
23.The taxi driver was badly ________when his car crashed into a wall.
24.I don't _______why he 's so angry with us.
25.We have worked out the plan and now we must put it into _____.
26.It's ____ impossible for us to finish the task within half a month.
27.Tom, as far as I know, ______ like to eat fish.
28.It was careful _________ the official ________ the secret to the spy.
A.that, didn’t let out
B.of , not to let out
C.of , not let out
D.for , not to let out
29.When he came in, I stopped ____ to talk to him
30.When and where to build the new hotel __________ yet.
A.won’t be decide
D.hasn’t been decide
二、阅读理解 (共 5 道试题,共 50 分)
35.You’re busy filling out the application form for a position you really need; let’s assume you once actually completed a couple of years of college work or even that you completed your degree. Isn’t it tempting to lie just a little, to claim on the form that your diploma represents a Harvard degree? Or that you finished an extra couple of years back at State University? More and more people are turning to utter deception like this to land their job or to move ahead in their careers, for personnel officers, like most Americans, value degrees from famous schools. A job applicant may have a good education anyway, but he or she assumes that chances of being hired are better with a diploma from a well-known university. Registrars at most well-known colleges say they deal with deceitful claims like these at the rate of about one per week. Personnel officers do check up on degrees listed on application forms, then . If it turns out that an applicant is lying, most colleges are reluctant to accuse the applicant directly. One Ivy League school calls them “impostors 骗子”; another refers to them as “special cases.” one well-known West Coast school, in perhaps the most delicate phrase of all, says that these claims are made by “no such people.” To avoid outright (彻底的) lies, some job-seekers claim that they “attended” or “were associated with” a college or university. After carefully checking, a personnel officer may discover that “attending” means being dismissed after one semester. It may be that “being associated with” a college means that the job - seeker visited his younger brother for a football weekend. One school that keeps records of false claims says that the practice dates back at least to the turn of the century - that’s when they began keeping records, anyhow. If you don’t want to lie or even stretch the truth, there are companies that will sell you a phony （假的）diploma. One company, with offices in New York and on the West Coast, will put your name on a diploma from any number of nonexistent colleges. The price begins at around twenty dollars for a diploma from “Smoot State University.” The prices increase rapidly for a degree from the “University of Purdue.” As there is no Smoot State and the real school in Indiana is properly called Purdue University, the prices seem rather high for one sheet of paper.
(1).The main idea of this passage is that( )
A.lying about college degrees has become a widespread problem
B.employers are no longer interested in college degrees
C.employers are checking more closely on applicants now
D.college degrees can now be purchased easily
(2).According to the passage, “special cases” refers to cases where( )
A.students purchase false degrees from commercial films
B.students never attended a school they listed on their application
C.students attended a famous school
D.students attend a school only part-time
(3).We can infer from the passage that( )
A.performance is a better judge of ability that a college degree
B.past work histories influence personnel officers more than degrees do
C.experience is the best teacher
D.a degree from a famous school enables an applicant to gain advantage over others in job competition
(4).This passage implies that()
A.society should be greatly responsible for lying on applications
B.personnel officers only consider applicants from famous schools
C.most people lie on applications because they were dismissed from school
D.buying a false degree is not moral
(5).As used in the first. Line of the second paragraph, the word “utter” means()
40.A network ---whether for work, play, or research---- interweaves departments and flung branches. What if they were all interconnected --- the libraries, the hobbyists, and the businesses--- internet worked into one all -encompassing, multipurpose network of networks? Hence comes the word “Inter-net”. Simply put, it’s all of these computers hooked up to each other. It’s commonly called the network of networks; plug into any part , and you plug into the whole. (As an open system, however, this doesn’t mean that anyone can then access file on your hard disk. And you’re not susceptible() to viruses unless you take some software from the Net and run it with your computer, which you might not ever do). Why do we say, “Plug into any part, and you plug into the whole?” Because there’s no center to it. Just as there’s no global central bank or post office, yet bankers accept all currencies and post offices accept it all stamps, the Internet accepts all participant. Thus the technology carries with it a certain philosophic perspective and culture: a do-it-yourself, anarchic, “bottom-up”, fluid, horizontal interdependency, rather than a canned , top-down, rigid, vertical hierarchy. This is part of what makes it so attractive to so many, but also very discouraging to people who expect to jump right in. To be a successful Netizen means realizing that, along with a relatively simple set of computer rules, the Internet has its own culture.
(1).The passage that comes before this abridge one may possibly discusses______
A.the theory of networks
B.the definition of networks
C.the application of networks
D.the advantages of networks
(2).The third paragraph is developed by_________.
(3).What is NOT mentioned in the passage as the culture of Internet?
(4).The pronoun “this” in line 7 stands for _________.
A.the saying “Plug into any part, and you plug into the whole”
B.computers hooked up to each other
C.an open system
(5).Which of the following statements is true?
A.The Internet has the similar culture as the human being.
B.The Internet has a global center that deals with all the businesses.
C.Rules in the Internet are quite hard for Netizens to master.
D.It is likely to be infected with computer viruses if one takes some software from the Net and run it with his computer.
45.Oceanography has been defined as 'The application of all sciences to the study of the sea'. Before the nineteenth century, scientists with an interest in the sea were few and far between. Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in-his writings, but he was reluctant (不愿意) to go to sea to further his work. For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travelers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, 1et alone to ask what lay beneath the surface. The first time that the question ‘What is at the bottom of the oceans?' had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineers had to know the depth profile (起伏形状)of the mute to estimate the length of cable that had to be manufactured. It was to Maury of the US Navy that the Atlantic Telegraph Company turned, in 1853, for information on this matter. In the 1840s,Maury had been responsible for encouraging voyages during which soundings(测深) were taken to investigate the depths of the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Later, some of his findings aroused much popular interest in his book The Physical Geography of the Sea. The cable was laid, but not until 1866was the connection made permanent and reliable. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growths, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea. Within a few years oceanography was under way. In 1872Thomson led a scientific expedition (考察), which lasted for four years and brought home thousands of samples from the sea. Their classification and analysis occupied scientists for years and led to a five-volume report, the last volume being published in 1895.
(1).The passage implies that the telegraph cable was built mainly_____
A.for oceanographic studies
B.for military purposes
C.for investigating the depths of the oceans
D.for business considerations
(2).It was_____ that asked Maury for help in oceanographic studies.
A.those who earned a living from the sea
B.the company which proposed to lay an undersea cable
C.the American Navy
D.some early intercontinental travellers
(3).The aim of voyages Maury encouraged in the 1840s was____
A.to measure the depths of two oceans
B.to make some sound experiments in the oceans
C.to estimate the length of cable that was to be made
D.to collect samples of sea plants and animals
(4).Defied' in the 5th paragraph probably means_____
A.‘gave proof to'
(5).This passage is mainly about________
A.the laying of the first undersea cable
B.the investigation of ocean depths
C.the early intercontinental communications
D.the beginnings of oceanography
50.When a consumer finds that an item she or he bought is faulty or in some other way does not live up to the manufacturer's claim for it, the first step is to present the warranty (保单),or any other records which might help ,at the store of purchase. In most cases, this action will produce results. However, if it does not, there are various means the consumer may use to gain satisfaction. A simple and common method used by many consumers is to complain directly to the store manager. In general, the "higher up, the consumer takes his or her complaint ,the faster he or she can expect it to be settled. In such a case, it is usually settled in the consumer's favour, assuming he or she has a just claim. Consumers should complain in person whenever possible, but if they cannot get to the place of purchase, it is acceptable to phone or write the complaint in a letter. Complaining is usually most effective when it is done politely but firmly ,and especially when the consumer can demonstrate what is wrong with the item in question. If this cannot be done, the consumer will succeed best by presenting specific information as to what is wrong ,rather than by making general statements. For example, "The left speaker does not work at all and the sound coming out of the right one is unclear" is better 、than" This stereo (立体声音响)does not work." The store manager may advise the consumer to write to the manufacturer. If so, the consumer should do this, stating the complaint as politely and as firmly as possible. But if a polite complaint does not achieve the desired result ,the consumer can go a step further. She or he can threaten to take the seller to court or report the seller to a private or public organization responsible for protecting consumers' rights.
(1).When a consumer finds that his purchase has a fault in it, the first thing he should do is to
A.write a firm letter of complaint to the store of purchase
B.threaten to take the matter to court
C.show me written proof of the purchase to the store
D.complain personally to the manager
(2).If a consumer wants a quick statement of his problem, it 's better to complain to
A.the store manager
C.a shop assistant
D.a public organization
(3).The most effective complaint can be made by
A.showing the faulty item to the manufacturer
B.saying firmly that the item is of poor quality
C.explaining exactly what is wrong with the item
D.asking politely to change the item
(4).The phrase "live up to"(Para-1,Line 2)in the context means
A.realize the purpose of
B.meet the standard of
C.keep the promise of
D.fulfil the demands of
(5).The passage tells us
A.how to settle a consumer's complaint about a faulty item
B.how to make an effective complaint about a faulty item
C.how to deal with complaints from customers
D.how to avoid buying a faulty item
55.Everyone talks about the "five" senses of man. And it's true that we get our information about the outside world from out sense of sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste. Researchers tell us that the sense of sight--our visual sense--gives us up to 80% of what we know about the world outside our bodies; while the other senses, the auditory (hearing), the olfactory (smell), the tactile (touch), and the gustatory (taste) bring into our brains information about the other twenty percent of what is happening. But there are two other senses that we cannot get along without, though they are very seldom given any credit for helping us to survive in this difficult world. These are the sense of balance, and the kinesthetic sense. The sense of balance, without which we would act like a drunkard after a heavy bout with the bottle, is located in the inner ear. The inner ear contains three curved tubes (the semi-circular canals) filled with liquids. The shifting of these liquids activates nerve endings in the linings of the canals, and nerve impulses from these nerve endings help our brains to keep us upright. The kinesthetic sense is actually made up of nerve impulses that arise from nerves planted in close contact with our muscles. These nerve messages are constantly telling us what position our limbs, trunk and head are in. They serve as a continuous "feedback" system to help us know how to move our various parts, and when to hold them still. Otherwise, we would lack the coordination to run, jump, dance, twist, or even sit still. Incidentally, the word "kinesthetic" comes from two Greek words meaning "motion" and "feeling". The kinesthetic sense gives us our ideas about our own motion.
(1).The best title for this passage is _______.
A.The Sense of Balance
B.The Overlooked Senses
C.The Most Important Sense
D.Our Five Major Senses
(2).What is the main idea of the passage?
A.We get most of our information about the outside world from our senses of sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste.
B.Two important senses which are often over-looked are the kinesthetic sense and the sense of balance.
C.The sense of sight gives us up to 80% of what we know about the world outside our bodies.
D.The sense of balance keeps us upright.
(3).The kinesthetic sense is located in the _______.
(4).Nerve impulses originating in the inner ear _______.
A.tell us what is happening in the outside world
B.regulate our hearing
C.keep us vertical
D.give us our ideas about our motion
(5).People who cannot see are able to get along in the world, but it would be probably most difficult to get along if we lost the use of the _______.
A.sense of touch
B.sense of taste
C.sense of smell
三、完型填空 (共 1 道试题,共 20 分)
75.It is generally accepted that the experiences of the child in his first years largely determine his character and later personality. Every experience ## the child something and the effects are ## . “Upbringing” normally used to refer to the treatment and training of the child ## the home. This is closely ## the treatment and training of the child in school, which is usually distinguished （区别）by the ## “education”. In a society such as ours, both ## and teachers are responsible for the chances provided for the development of the child, ## upbringing and education depend on each other. The ideals and practices of child upbringing are different from culture to culture. ## the more rural（农村的）the group, the more ## the customs of child upbringing. In more technologically developed societies, childhood and adolescence（青春期）are likely ## a long time, ## more chances for education and greater variety in ## development. Early upbringing in the ## is naturally affected both by the cultural pattern of the group and by the parents' ## and their aims and depends not only on upbringing and education but also on the ## abilities of the child. Wide differences of intelligence（智力）and character ## even in children of the same family. Parents can ## what is normal in physical, mental and social development, by ## some of the many books ## on scientific knowledge in these areas, or, less dependable since the sample（实例）is smaller, by comparing ## with friends and relatives who have children.
B.so long as
C.in that case